English Chamber Barrel Organ, circa 1790
Manufactured by Longman and Broderip, 26 Cheapside and 13 Haymarket Streets, London. 

 

Supplied with (3) 16 1/2 interchangeable cylinders each with 10 tunes for a total of 30. All of them play correctly.

Signed on barrels:
 "Longman & Broderip... Manufacture, Repair, and Sell, Wholesale and Retail, Organs, Piano Fortes, Harpsichords, Spinnets, Violins, Guitars, Flutes, Fifes, Horns, Clarinets and every other kind of Musical Instrument. Also Engrave & Print the greatest variety of Music by the most approved Masters. Harpsichords, Piano Fortes and Spinnets Tuned in Town & Country, on the most reasonable Terms by the Year, Quarter, or Pr. Time. N.B. Import the best Roman Strings & genuine German Wire. Large Allowance to Merchants, Captains of Ships & others who take for Sale."


This rare and significant piece is the first 'full-size' mechanical device designed solely devoted to reproduce music in the home. Think about that.

It predates all cylinder and interchangeable disc 'music boxes' which would begin to become available about a couple decades later.

It is derivative of English church barrel organs, scaled down for use in home parlors of the upper class.

It is in excellent cosmetic and mechanical condition.

 Six stops (1 drum, 1 triangle)

17 Keys including drum, triangle


60 Pipes:

1 rank 15 wooden pipes (closed Diapason)
1 rank 15 lead pipes (Principle)
1 rank 15 lead pipes (12th)
1 rank 15 lead pipes (15th)


Dimensions: 24 wide, 17 3/4 deep, 53 high

Supplied with (3) 16 1/2 interchangeable cylinders each with 10 tunes for a total of 30. All of them play correctly.

Cylinders are stored in a separate compartment which opens in the side of the base of the organ.
Barrels are changed through the flap in the left side of the case.

Drum and triangle occupy top part of the cabinet in the front, barrel in center and the bellows below.

Cabinet is mahogany with engraved and inlaid designs on the legs and borders.

 

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